Distilled cover art, JoJo’s bizarre adventure: Phantom blood (vol 4), Illus. Hirohiko Araki
St. Maurice (Polyptych).
Detail of a painted panel from the outer right-hand wing of a polyptych. (artist unknown)
From Wiener Neustadt Abbey, 1447.
The young man wears the crown of a nobleman and carries the red and white military pennant and shield of the Holy Roman Empire.
"There is but one sadness, and that is for us not be saints." Leon Bloy
Holy Mary, Queen of All Saints, pray for us!
St. Maurice, pray for us!
St. Erasmus, pray for us!
All You Saints in Heaven, pray for us!
Spotted Hyenas: Female Dominant & Gender Ambiguous Carnivores
In spotted hyenas, females are more muscular and more aggressive than males, and are socially dominant to them, rare traits in the mammalian world. And get this: females secrete more of certain testosterone-related hormones than the males do, producing muscles, aggression, and masculinized private parts that make it supremely difficult to tell the sex of a hyena. The spotted hyena clitoris is enlarged, making it resemble a penis. And fatty tissue in the genital area grows to resemble a scrotum.
Among primates, males can get erections to show dominance. With spotted hyenas, males get erections from fear - usually because they are terrified of a female - thus showing submission to her.
In a lion pride, the male is dominant and eats first, then the female adults eat, and the cubs eat last. Lion cubs often die of starvation. With spotted hyenas, the female is dominant and the cubs are the first to eat. It is rare for a hyena cub to die of starvation.
Image credit: (x) Pirates of the Plains painting by John Banovich
Info Source: (x) and (x) Stanford University professor of Biology & Neuroscience Robert Sapolsky lecture on Aggression Part II in his Human Behavioral Biology series.